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A Few Statistics

Police statistics [French only] produced by the Ministère de la Sécurité publique are the primary source of validated data for identifying and monitoring the evolution of sexual offences in Québec. It should be noted that sexual offences include sexual assault (simple, aggravated or with a weapon) as well as other offences that are sexual in nature, such as sexual contact, sexual exploitation, incest, child corruption and luring a child by means of a computer.

In Québec, as elsewhere in the world, women and girls represent the majority of sexual offence victim. In fact, police statistics on sexual offences for 2014 indicate that 84% of victims are female, while 96% of alleged perpetrators are male.

These statistics show that 5 340 sexual offences were recorded by Québec law enforcement in 2014. Based on these offences, police data reveals that:

  • 3 585 sexual assaults were committed, representing 67.1% of sexual offences
  • 84% of victims of sexual offences were girls and women
  • 66% of victims of sexual offences were younger than 18; of this group, 80% were young girls and 20% were young boys
  • sexual offences occurred most frequently to girls aged 12 to 14
  • 96% of alleged perpetrators of sexual offences were male, of whom 75% were men and 25% were boys
  • the majority of victims, i.e. 84.2% of youth victims and 78.8% of adult victims, knew the alleged perpetrator.

Note that these statistics reflect the sexual offences reported over the course of a single year, which were not necessarily committed in the year during which they were reported.

Moreover, it should be pointed out that, according to the 2014 General Social Survey – Victimization, the rate of reported sexual assaults is estimated at only 5%. This is therefore a field in which the existing data remains incomplete and must be interpreted as such.

Date de mise à jour : 14 novembre 2017

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